- The word Judaism refers to the beliefs, tradition and culture of the Jewish people. It is the oldest of the three monotheistic religions (along with Christianity and Islam) and is the least of them in number of followers.
Rosh Hashana (Jewish New Year)
• Beginning of the Jewish year and first of the ten days destined for repentance. During this period the desires for amendment are expressed and meditations on sins are made. The usual dishes of the meals contain numerous symbols: abundance, sweetness (apple and honey) and meeting of the Jewish people (pomegranate). In each Rosh Hashanah, God relates to the world with renewed vigor, in a way not previously established and that determines His relationship with the world for the following year.
Yom Kippur (Day of Forgiveness)
Strict and highly respected fasting among the Jews. Each one, individually, expresses his repentance to benefit from the divine forgiveness that intervenes this day. The promises that have not been fulfilled are annulled at the beginning of Yom Kippur with Kol Nidre and thus, at night, after the 25 hours of fasting, the sound of the shofar (lamb’s horn) can announce the remission of sins and faults.
Succot (Party of the Cabins)
Remember the time of crossing of the Jewish people in the desert of Sinai when leaving the slavery in Egypt. Divine order to live in cabins for a week to feel the outer world vibrate.
Hannukah (Luminary Festival)
The festival of lights recalls the victory of the Maccabees over the Greeks, who sought to destroy the Jewish religion and Hellenize the people. Although they profaned the Temple by dedicating it to pagan gods, it was reconquered by the Jews, led by Yehuda Macabi. But they did not have enough oil not desecrated to consecrate it before its reopening. Miraculously, the oil that had to be consumed in a single day burned for eight days giving rise to the party in which candles are lit in a Chanukah – chandelier of 9 candles.
Tu Bishvat: New Year of the Trees
It is a minor celebration in the Hebrew calendar, dedicated to nature. The name Tu Bishvat comes from the date of the holiday when in Israel the first buds of vegetation begin to appear. As a result, they went out to plant trees.
Celebrate the story contained in the book of Esther (Old Testament) with a carnival. It commemorates the exile of the Jews in Persia. The day before, the Jews fasted commemorating the fast decreed by Esther, while she was preparing to intercede with Ahasuerus, king of the Persians, and thus avoid the massacre decreed by his vizier Haman.
Easter It is celebrated near Holy Week, commemorating the departure of the people of Israel from Egypt, at a dinner in which the whole family gathers and the “Agada” is read, which contains the story of the departure from Egypt.
It is the Day of remembrance of the Holocaust and Heroism. The day that ended the “Warsaw Ghetto Uprising” was taken as a reference.
Day of remembrance of the fallen soldiers during the wars that Israel has had. On this date, the victims of terrorism are also remembered. Commemoration that is established from the creation of the State of Israel.
Yom Haatzamaut: Independence of the State of
commemorates the Declaration of Independence on May 14, 1948, by the cabinet led by David Ben Gurion and which marked the final date of the British Mandate of Great Britain in the Land of Israel.
Until day 33 of the account of the Omer (harvest), a certain duel is observed, especially the prohibition of marriages. This event is related to the rebellion against the Romans, in which the students of Rabbi Akiva took an active part in the struggle and it is likely that in Lag Baomer they triumphed and wished to immortalize this day. This would be the explanation for the habit of the boys who go out into the woods with a bow and arrow and light bonfires.
Day that commemorates the reunification of Jerusalem after 19 years. During the War of Independence Jerusalem will be divided and the old city will become part of Jordan. In the Six Day War, the lost was conquered and the capital of the State of Israel reunified.
It is the celebration of the revelation of the Law to Moses on Mount Sinai. It is also the feast of concern for those who are not Jews. Ruth, the Moabite, chosen by Boaz to found the lineage of King David, is especially honored. It is also the feast of the harvest and the first fruits offered to the Temple.
Tradition says that “when entering Shabbat, the Jew receives an added spirit, that will accompany him throughout the Sabbath day and return with the arrival of the next Sabbath. The Jew prepares for the Shabbat, his house shines, the dinner is prepared beforehand, the sabbatical spirit is felt in all his senses. By late Friday afternoon, everyone is bathed and clean, with festive clothes, ready to receive it. The blessing of candles in the home by the women of the family marks the entrance of Shabbat and its dimension. In order to understand the true meaning of Shabbat and the strong “attraction” that it exerts on a Jew, it must be lived. Shabbat Shalom Umeboraj (Blessings and Peace on Shabbat)
(Congress of the Holocaust)
Every two years, in the last 12 years we have successfully carried out a Congress on the Holocaust. As of the 2018-2019 school year, we have made the decision to hold the congress every year.
The objectives of this event are that the young assistants:
• Learn to respect their neighbor in the difference.
• Understand how important it is to defend democracy and legal governments
• Know how to recognize the bad influences to which they are exposed on a daily basis.